Ashton Kutcher Vasculitis Disease EXPLAINED: Actor Ashton Kutcher has revealed a battle with vasculitis affected his ability to see, hear or walk for a year. Kutcher revealed his diagnosis in an episode of “Running Wild with Bear Grylls: The Challenge,” which aired Monday night on National Geographic. “Two years ago I had this weird, super rare form of vasculitis that, like, knocked out my vision. It cut out my hearing. It destroyed, like, my whole balance,” said Kutcher to Grylls Kutcher’s rare autoimmune disease, vasculitis, is a life-threatening disorder characterized by inflammation of blood vessels that experts say is notoriously difficult to diagnose.Read also – Interested in an adventure like PM Modi’s “Man vs Wild” in Jim Corbett? Here’s how you can | EXPLAIN
But what exactly is vasculitis and how does it affect humans? Know its symptoms, risk factors and how is it treated? Read also – What is scrub typhus? Everything you need to know about the bacterial infection that killed a 12-year-old child in Meerut
What is vasculitis?
- Vasculitis means inflammation of blood vessels. It occurs when the body’s immune system attacks the veins, arteries and small capillaries.
- Inflammation is your immune system’s natural response to injury or infection.
- It causes swelling and can help the body deal with invading germs.
- However, in vasculitis, the immune system attacks healthy blood vessels, causing them to swell and narrow – according to the NHS.
- It can be triggered by an infection or medication, but the cause is often unknown.
- Vasculitis can range from a minor problem that just affects the skin to a more serious condition that causes problems with organs like the heart or kidneys.
Vasculitis risk factors, symptoms
- According to the NIH, age, ethnicity, family history, and lifestyle factors such as smoking and illegal drug use can contribute to the risk of vasculitis.
- Certain medications for high blood pressure, thyroid disease, and infections may also contribute, according to the website.
- There are several types of vasculitis and it can affect any of the blood vessels in the body. A person affected may experience general symptoms, such as fever, weight loss, fatigue, pain, and rash.
- A patient may also have other symptoms depending on which part of the body is affected and whether the vasculitis is severe.
- According to the website, vasculitis can occur alone or in conjunction with other rheumatic diseases, such as rheumatoid arthritis, lupus, or scleroderma.
- Having a hepatitis B or C infection can also be a trigger, as can blood cancers like leukemia and lymphoma.
Diagnosis and treatment of vasculitis
“Common ways to diagnose a patient with vasculitis are blackheads on your fingertips or toes, as these are furthest from your heart,” Oghalai explained. Also read – Can monkeypox be a new STD? 95% of cases transmitted through sexual activity, study reveals. Main points to know
“When the vessels become inflamed, blood cannot flow through them, which can lead to cell death at the very distal ends.”
Oghalai said patients with vasculitis are usually first given a steroid, such as prednisone, which suppresses the immune system. If the steroid doesn’t seem to fix the problem or the vasculitis comes back, patients can be given methotrexate, “an immunosuppressive drug used for vasculitis and other types of autoimmune diseases,” Oghalai said.
Oghalai added: “Vasculitis itself is quite common. It’s a short term thing for most people and it happens spontaneously.
REMARK: Symptoms of vasculitis vary depending on the part of the body it affects. Because vasculitis can attack any blood vessel, each patient’s case will be different, said Dr. Anisha Dua, associate professor of medicine in rheumatology at Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine.
It is not known what causes vasculitis or its flare-ups. Dua said that sometimes an illness or a stressful event “kinda triggers this whole cascade of events.”