Lumpy skin disease in cattle is spreading in more than 8 states/UTs; 7,300 animals dead so far, Health News, ET HealthWorld

New Delhi: More than 7,300 cattle have died so far due to ‘lumpy skin disease’ in eight states, including one union territory, and the vaccination campaign has been stepped up to contain the infection, said a senior government official. Lumpy skin disease (LSD) is a contagious viral disease that affects cattle. It is transmitted by blood-sucking insects, such as certain species of flies and mosquitoes, or ticks. It causes fever, nodules on the skin and can also lead to death.

LSD has recently spread to Asia following outbreaks in the Middle East and Europe. The disease appeared in Bangladesh in July 2019.

According to the official, India also saw the first case of LSD in the same year, 2019, in eastern states, especially West Bengal and Odisha. But this year the disease has been reported in western and northern states as well as Andaman Nicobar.

“First, LSD was reported in Gujarat and it has spread to eight states/union territories now. Over 1.85 cattle have been affected so far and over 7,300 cattle have died since the outbreak. outbreak of the disease in July,” the official told PTI.

About 74,325 cattle have been affected in Punjab so far, while 58,546 in Gujarat, 43,962 in Rajasthan, 6,385 in Jammu and Kashmir, 1,300 in Uttarakhand, 532 in Himachal Pradesh, 260 in Andaman and Nicobar, he said and added data from Madhya Pradesh. is expected.

According to ministry data, 7,300 cattle have died so far, including 3,359 in Punjab, 2,111 in Rajasthan, 1,679 in Gujarat, 62 in Jammu and Kashmir, 38 in Himachal Pradesh, 36 in Uttarakhand and 29 in Andaman Nicobar.

Cases of LSD infection have also been reported in Haryana.

The official mentioned that the death rate of LSD is 1-2% and it does not infect humans.

Currently, a vaccination campaign is ongoing and 17.92 lakh cattle have been vaccinated so far in these states/UTs, he added.

The official said central teams have been dispatched to Punjab and Gujarat to provide first-hand accounts of the LSD outbreak and states have been urged to strictly enforce biosafety advisories and measures, restriction movement and isolation of infected animals, monitoring of stray animals in addition to the safe disposal of carcasses.

State governments have set up toll-free control room numbers to help resolve pet owner issues and raise public awareness.

A control room has also been set up within the ministry to address concerns from state governments, the official said.

India, the world’s largest dairy producer, had a cattle population of 192.5 million in 2019, according to the 19th Livestock Census.