KATHMANDU: People think of this season’s skin problems as allergies. This allergy also occurs in people of different age groups. Research has established that every person will suffer from allergies once in their lifetime. Children are more vulnerable to these allergies than adults.
Studies show that one in five children and one in fifty adults have skin allergies. According to the American College of Allergy, Asthma, and Immunology, 10-20% of children worldwide have allergies and 1-3% of adults also develop the disease.
Allergies differ on people’s skin. Allergies are caused by food, dust, pollen, plant leaves and insect bites. Allergies can occur in any part of the body, but mainly appear in exposed parts.
Recently, there is a growing tendency to treat all skin problems as allergies. However, not all skin problems are allergies. The allergy causes small rashes at first; gradually, the rash increases and spreads to a larger area.
Other skin problems in summer
Different types of skin problems appear during the summer season. Of these, fungal infections are the most common problem. Fungal infections are more common in summer than in winter.
Due to excessive sweating in summer, if hygiene is not observed, fungal infections may occur. A fungal infection occurs if the clothes and shoes of an infected person are used by another person.
The problem of pimples is also very noticeable in this season. The glands in our skin produce natural oils. Breakouts are also very noticeable due to the oil from our skin mixed with sweat. And, the sun also increases inflammation and allergies.
Why the problem increases in the summer
Photo dermatitis is caused by sun exposure during the summer months. Sun exposure can cause skin inflammation, redness and scarring. When there is a lot of sweat, it goes into the folds of the body, under a woman’s chest, under the neck, etc.
During this season, the problem of plant allergy and animal allergy also arises. Pollutants from plants and animal hair are more allergenic.
The symptoms that appear
Allergies and fungal infections both cause a red, itchy rash. There are two types of fungal infections. (itch and non-itch) We call it ringworm in common parlance. A round, circular rash appears on the skin.
It’s very irritating. A slightly darker or slightly whiter complexion than normal appears. It mainly starts in the armpits, neck and chest and spreads to other places. It is a fungal infection without itching.
Since it is not itchy, people may not notice it. Many people confuse it with ringworm. Many people think the white spots have arrived. However, they only come for treatment after noticing it in the body for a long time.
Fungal infections are more common in summer
This problem is seen more because there is more sweat in the summer than in the winter. Sweat accumulates in our body folds.
If you are not careful with hygiene, the infection will increase with sweating. The fungus does not grow in the cold. In the summer, the fungus grows more and the infection increases.
What types of people are more prone to skin allergies?
Some skin allergies are genetic. Some have more genetic tendencies. Everyone lives in the sun. However, not everyone is allergic to sun exposure. Some are genetically predisposed. If someone is allergic to the sun, the allergy will come with just one hour of sun exposure.
Even a person who is not allergic to the sun can develop red spots by sensitizing the skin if left in the sun for a long time. Also, a small child may have hot flashes.
This is a very common problem in children. Such a rash does not itch. However, small dots appear. Keeping a small child covered in thick clothing, because they are cold, also causes red rashes.
Fungal infections are more common in obese people
A fat person sweats a lot, so the body gets stuck in the folds. Fungal infections are more common in obese women who sweat profusely under the breasts, neck, thighs, and between the legs.
People with diabetes, pregnant women, and people with high blood pressure, thyroid, and chronic diseases have low immunity, so viral infections and fungal infections are more common.
Risks exposed due to neglect of timely treatment
It is better to deal with any problem in time. This problem should not cause problems in life. However, if left untreated for a long time, it can become complicated.
If the infection in a small area of the skin spreads to a large area, treatment will take a long time. If the treatment is done at the beginning, it is better to apply only normal ointment. However, if not treated in time, you will have to take medication for a long time.
Some people get bacterial infections along with fungal infections. In such cases, antibiotics should be taken.
Need to go to hospital
You should go to the hospital if an itchy or non-itchy rash appears on the skin, a rash appears on the crease of the body and also develops on the surrounding skin, or if there is a painful rash. Someone who has itchy, non-irritating white or black spots should be treated in time.
Precautions to take at home
We must pay particular attention to cleanliness. You should bathe at least once a day. If you cannot take a bath, you should wipe your body with a handkerchief and apply body lotion. The antifungal powder can be applied to the folds of the body.
The antifungal powder prevents sweat absorption and bacterial infection. People with pimples should wash their mouths morning and evening. Sunscreen can be applied while staying at home or while going out. When we apply sunscreen, we get SPF 50. In addition to SPF, we should also look at the PA factor.
Sunscreen with SPF 50 with triple plus PA factor is best. People with dry skin should use creams and those with oily skin should use gel sunscreen.
Prevention is better than cure
People with skin allergies should use a suitable sunscreen. When you go out of the house, you should wear clothes that cover the whole body and use an umbrella. Not only the sun, but environmental pollution affects our skin.
Bathing daily helps avoid fungal infections. A child should not be overdressed. Applying extra virgin coconut oil when oiling the baby is soothing and prevents breakouts; it is therefore recommended.