Blackheads are so common, but many don’t know exactly what they are. They mainly occur on oily skin, or oily areas of combination skin. Excessive oil secretion dilates the pores of the skin. The skin’s natural oil builds up in the pores and hardens into a plug. Since the pores are open, the tip of the hardened oil is exposed to the air. It oxidizes and turns black – hence the name blackheads. Many think that blackheads are dirt in the pores. However, oily skin tends to attract dirt and grime from the environment and these also accumulate in the pores along with the hardened oil. Blackheads actually cause the pores to widen further and as a result, people with oily skin end up with rough, rough skin with large open pores.
Apart from the fact that blackheads are unsightly, they are also the cause of acne. In fact, the primary acne lesion is actually a blackhead. When a pore is completely clogged with hardened oil, the sebaceous gland can become infected, resulting in a pimple. If the infection progresses, it ruptures the sebaceous gland well and attacks the inner layer of the skin, giving way to an acne condition. This is why controlling blackheads is a way to prevent acne. Blackheads appear not only on the face, but also on the back, shoulders, arms, chest, and other areas rich in oil-producing glands.
The main part of treating blackheads is proper cleansing. Wash your face twice a day, morning and evening, with a medicated soap or cleanser, using lukewarm water. After washing, wipe blackhead-prone areas and other oily areas with an astringent lotion. Rose-based skin toners are also available.
After washing in the morning, mix baking soda (baking soda) with water to make a paste and apply to blackhead-prone areas. Wash it off after 5 minutes. Use facial scrubs two or three times a week. Apply the scrub to the face and gently rub into the skin with small circular movements, especially on areas with blackheads. Leave on for a few minutes then rinse with water. If your skin is prone to stubborn blackheads, opt for cleansing treatments at a beauty salon, where cleansing and exfoliation will be performed and the blackheads will be extracted. The extraction of blackheads is a professional job and should be entrusted to a qualified therapist. Avoid pinching the blackheads with fingernails as this can lead to infection.
Apply a facial mask twice a week, mixing a teaspoon of oats, wheat bran (choker), ground almonds with egg white and a teaspoon of honey and curd. It should be a non-drip paste. Apply to face and rinse off after half an hour.
To avoid blackheads, keep the skin free of surface oil. Astringent lotions help reduce fat. Fuller’s earth or Multani Mitti also helps. Mix it with rose water into a paste and apply on the face. Wash off when it dries. If there are open pores, apply oatmeal. Mix it with egg white and apply to areas with open pores and blackheads two or three times a week. Wash it off when it dries. If you have oily skin, avoid the use of oily creams and moisturizers. These can clog pores and cause blackheads.
I want to emphasize that daily skin care is the only way to avoid skin problems. You have to know the needs of your own skin and treat it accordingly, with suitable products.