- It is well known that age is an important risk factor associated with breast cancer; women over 50 are more likely to develop the disease.
- Breast cancer, in most cases, develops in the milk producing ducts known as invasive ductal carcinoma.
- Additionally, genetics and family history are also considered key risk factors, with 5-10% of breast cancer cases being triggered by inherited mutations.
The increasing incidence and high mortality rate of breast cancer, in India, is attributed to lack of proper diagnostics or inaccessibility. However, before proceeding with access, it is important for a person to assess the risks of breast cancer.
What is breast cancer?
What are the risk factors for breast cancer?
It is well known that age is an important risk factor associated with breast cancer; women over 50 are more likely to develop the disease. Breast cancer, in most cases, develops in the milk producing ducts known as invasive ductal carcinoma. Additionally, genetics and family history are also considered key risk factors, with 5-10% of breast cancer cases being triggered by inherited mutations.
Although some patients may develop the condition without any risk factors, experts insist on being aware of potential causes. These include:
- Gender – women are more prone to breast cancer than men
- Radiation exposure
- Personal or family history of breast cancer
- First rules
- drinking alcohol
- Having a first baby
- never be pregnant
- Post-menopausal hormone therapy
- Inherited genes
What are the symptoms of breast cancer?
- A lump under the armpit
- Pain and tenderness in the breast
- Swelling near the armpit or collarbone
- Changes in breast skin, texture, size, or temperature
- Unusual nipple discharge
- Marbled area under the skin of the breast
- Changes in the nipple – itching, sores, burning, inward dimples
- Red, scaly, or thickened nipple skin
- nipple pain
- Skin bumpy like an orange peel
- Swelling despite no lumps
- Swollen lymph nodes under the collarbone or armpit large enough to feel
If breast cancer becomes metastatic, symptoms become more severe and may vary depending on where the tumor started. Some of the most common symptoms of
- Bloated stomach
- bone pain
- Changes in brain function
- Muscular weakness
- Double vision
- Yellowing of the skin and eyes – jaundice
- Loss of appetite
- Difficulty breathing
- Unexplained weight loss
How to diagnose and treat breast cancer?
The good news about breast cancer is that this disease is largely preventable with a 98.5% survival rate. Prompt diagnosis of the disease is always preferable – regular screening,
Warning: The tips and suggestions mentioned in the article are for general information purposes only and should not be construed as professional medical advice. Always consult your doctor or dietitian before starting any fitness program or making any changes to your diet.