Experts List Symptoms of India’s Most Common Tumor

Breast cancer originally starts in the breast tissue and occurs when cells in this part mutate and grow out of control, forming a tumor.

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HIGHLIGHTS

  • It is well known that age is an important risk factor associated with breast cancer; women over 50 are more likely to develop the disease.
  • Breast cancer, in most cases, develops in the milk producing ducts known as invasive ductal carcinoma.
  • Additionally, genetics and family history are also considered key risk factors, with 5-10% of breast cancer cases being triggered by inherited mutations.
New Delhi: Breast cancer is the most common form of cancer diagnosed in metropolitan and urban India. Contrary to popular belief, both men and women are prone to this disease – however, the bulk of breast cancer cases are found in women. Also worldwide, the disease which is characterized by the uncontrolled growth of abnormal cells in the breast tissue is extremely common. The World Health Organization (WHO) reveals that in 2020, 2.3 million women were diagnosed with breast cancer and 6.85,000 people died from the disease worldwide.

The increasing incidence and high mortality rate of breast cancer, in India, is attributed to lack of proper diagnostics or inaccessibility. However, before proceeding with access, it is important for a person to assess the risks of breast cancer.

What is breast cancer?

The Cleveland Clinic explains that breast cancer originally starts in the breast tissue and occurs when cells in that part mutate and grow out of control, forming a tumor. Like all other cancers, breast cancer cells can spread to and infect other parts of the body, making the disease metastatic.

What are the risk factors for breast cancer?

It is well known that age is an important risk factor associated with breast cancer; women over 50 are more likely to develop the disease. Breast cancer, in most cases, develops in the milk producing ducts known as invasive ductal carcinoma. Additionally, genetics and family history are also considered key risk factors, with 5-10% of breast cancer cases being triggered by inherited mutations.

Although some patients may develop the condition without any risk factors, experts insist on being aware of potential causes. These include:

  1. Gender – women are more prone to breast cancer than men
  2. Radiation exposure
  3. Obesity
  4. Personal or family history of breast cancer
  5. First rules
  6. drinking alcohol
  7. Having a first baby
  8. never be pregnant
  9. Post-menopausal hormone therapy
  10. Inherited genes

What are the symptoms of breast cancer?

Lumps in the breast are the most common symptom of breast cancer; but that’s not where the story ends. Some patients, according to WebMD, experience no symptoms in the first place. Breast cancer can manifest as changes in the skin, asymmetry, nipples or secretions. Some of the most common warning signs of this disease include:
  1. A lump under the armpit
  2. Pain and tenderness in the breast
  3. Swelling near the armpit or collarbone
  4. Changes in breast skin, texture, size, or temperature
  5. Unusual nipple discharge
  6. Marbled area under the skin of the breast
  7. Changes in the nipple – itching, sores, burning, inward dimples

the American Cancer Societythe following are also noteworthy breast cancer symptoms:

  1. Red, scaly, or thickened nipple skin
  2. nipple pain
  3. Skin bumpy like an orange peel
  4. Swelling despite no lumps
  5. Swollen lymph nodes under the collarbone or armpit large enough to feel

If breast cancer becomes metastatic, symptoms become more severe and may vary depending on where the tumor started. Some of the most common symptoms of metastatic breast cancer are:

  1. Headache
  2. Bloated stomach
  3. bone pain
  4. Changes in brain function
  5. Muscular weakness
  6. Double vision
  7. Yellowing of the skin and eyes – jaundice
  8. Nausea
  9. Loss of appetite
  10. Difficulty breathing
  11. Unexplained weight loss

How to diagnose and treat breast cancer?

The good news about breast cancer is that this disease is largely preventable with a 98.5% survival rate. Prompt diagnosis of the disease is always preferable – regular screening, mammograms are essential, especially for women aged 45 and over. Meanwhile, maintaining a healthy body weight, practicing abstinence from smoking, and limiting alcohol consumption helps prevent disease.

Warning: The tips and suggestions mentioned in the article are for general information purposes only and should not be construed as professional medical advice. Always consult your doctor or dietitian before starting any fitness program or making any changes to your diet.