We’ve all heard and read about celebrities using cosmetic procedures to look their best, and Botox is one of those treatments most people are familiar with. But what exactly is Botox and how does it work? Shedding light on the same, Dr. Parag Telang, Plastic Surgeon (DHA, HAAD) and Director of Designer Bodyz Center, says, “Botox is a protein made from botulinum toxin. Botox treatment is minimally invasive and considered safe and effective for signs of aging around the eyes. It can also be used on the forehead between the eyes.
How does Botox work?
Interestingly, Botox is a toxin, but when used correctly it can have many cosmetic and medical benefits and uses. Dr Telang adds: “This drug weakens or relaxes a muscle and in small doses it can reduce fine lines and wrinkles. It works by blocking the nerves that contract the muscles. Without a contracting muscle underneath, the skin struggles to wrinkle. As such, Botox helps soften fine lines and wrinkles on the face, but it can’t always get rid of them.
Apart from aesthetic improvement, Botox is used for the control of muscle spasms, severe underarm sweating. Explaining in detail, Dr. Telang says, “For a muscle to contract, nerves release acetylcholine, a chemical messenger, at the junction where nerve endings meet muscle cells. Acetylcholine attaches to muscle cell receptors and causes the cells to contract or shorten. Botox injections prevent the release of acetylcholine, which prevents muscle cells from contracting. Botulinum toxin treatment helps muscles become less stiff. Botox cosmetic treatment works by temporarily blocking nerve signals and muscle contractions.
Botox is a minimally invasive procedure – it does not involve incisions or general anesthesia. To reduce pain or discomfort, a topical anesthetic or ice is used to numb the treatment area.
Botox Side Effects
Botox treatment is the most effective treatment for wrinkles, but it also has side effects. “Injection site pain, infection, inflammation, swelling, redness, bleeding and bruising are common. Some symptoms like itching, wheezing, asthma, rash, red marks, dizziness, and fainting can indicate an allergic reaction,” says Dr. Telang. Additionally, it is possible for Botox to spread a little beyond the intended injection site and affect surrounding tissue. The Dr. Telang adds, “Dry mouth, fatigue, headache, neck pain, bruising and in rare cases droopy eyelids or eyebrows are also seen and return to their natural position within a few months. Always have it done.” treatment by a certified doctor to avoid any adversity.
Precautions for Botox Treatment
Notice these pointers:
- Avoid alcohol for 24 hours before taking Botox as it can increase the risk of bruising.
- To avoid spreading the toxin, do not touch the face for at least 1-3 days.
- Botox needs time to settle into the muscle. For the first 24 hours, avoid other skin treatments such as facials, massages, dermal fillers, exfoliations, and scrubs. These procedures can reduce the effectiveness of Botox treatment.
- Avoid sleeping on the injected areas to minimize physical pressure and let the Botox settle into your muscles. Also, avoid sleeping within 4 hours of treatment.
- Avoid sun exposure for at least 4 hours. Heat can promote flushing and increase blood pressure, which can promote bruising.
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