Tuberculosis or tuberculosis is an infectious disease. Although not as feared as it was a few years ago, it is still a worrying problem. Tuberculosis affects the lungs and causes breathing difficulties, triggers endless bad coughing, pain in the chest, and in extreme cases, even coughing up blood.Also Read – Vitamin C: Bridging the Immune Gap for Non-Communicable Diseases
Tuberculosis is caused by the germ Mycobacterium tuberculosis and is transmitted through the air from person to person. It can also affect other parts of the body such as the brain, kidneys, spine, and skin. Also read – 5 effective ways to fall asleep quickly and naturally, expert advice
Tuberculosis can affect the skin through direct contact, through the bloodstream, or through an underlying infection. The effect of B on the skin leads to various problems such as red, lumpy rashes on the legs and lupus vulgaris. Cutaneous tuberculosis is not that common, but it affects about 1% of people worldwide. It occurs when the germ responsible for tuberculosis comes into direct contact with the skin and causes an infection. Common indications include inflammatory papules, nodules, ulcers, and skin lesions. Lacerations on the skin are usually painless and reddish-brown in color and often reach 5 cm in diameter. Cutaneous tuberculosis, when not treated in time, can also lead to painful skin lesions often occurring around areas of the face such as the nose, lips, ears, neck, cheeks, etc. consulting a dermatologist in time can help in the spontaneous treatment of the skin. can last for years on the skin. Also Read – A new health bill will be introduced soon, will include various measures such as isolation, quarantine and lockdown
Another TB-related skin problem that has come to light right now is psoriasis. Any patient with Psoriasis is also screened for TB to rule out any skin signs. Tuberculosis also leads to vitamin D deficiencies leading to red, dry and itchy skin, acne, premature aging and darkening of the skin. Even TB drugs affect the skin and cause pigmentation, bruising or yellowing/darkening of the skin.
Tuberculosis-related skin problems can be easily treated
- Use of basic RIPE drugs (isoniazid, rifampicin, pyrazinamide and ethambutol)
- Surgery to remove lesions and growths that are not healed by drug therapy
Besides treatment, you can also work with your doctor to help speed recovery from TB-related skin problems by
- Since the infection spreads through injured skin, be sure to avoid walking barefoot or with exposed skin in areas where the risk of infection is high
- avoid sharing your personal belongings such as a towel, clothes, etc. with others
- use only sterilized needles and other equipment for piercings, rituals, injections, etc.
- Contact your doctor immediately if you notice any symptoms.
- Practice good hygiene and nutrition and always wear sunscreen during the day
- Regularly follow the treatments prescribed by the doctor and do not change the drugs without consultation.
(Contributions by Dr. Rinky Kapoor, Consultant Dermatologist, Cosmetic Dermatologist & Dermato-Surgeon, The Esthetic Clinics)