It’s no secret that you should always do a skin test before using any skin ingredient and if you have any skin problem like severe acne or dry skin or sensitive skin then consult a dermatologist the sooner rather than later but it’s also true that naturally glowing skin or a dull, pale face – both largely depend on what’s going on on and inside your skin. This is because some ingredients are naturally infused to bring out the most natural and beautiful look, while others can upset your chemical balance, resulting in a pale-colored face, breakouts, and more.
If you’re wondering how to decide what’s good and what’s not, we’ve solved your beauty and skincare problems with expert advice. In an interview with HT Lifestyle, Dr. Shruti Marwah- MBBS, MS MCH, The Handa Aesthetics and Plastic Surgery, said, “Knowing your skin type is extremely important in caring for it. This gives an idea of the environment that is suitable for it, the skincare products to use to maintain the shine and also the adverse effects on it for one or another reason. The wrong product can cause serious skin problems. Choosing the right product is only possible if you know your skin type better and it will help you to prevent harmful effects and skin reactions.
She pointed out, “Usually skin types are divided into five categories such as oily, dry, normal, combination and sensitive. You can know oily skin by recognizing the fact that it produces excess sebum which makes the skin shiny. Dull and rough skin is classified as dry skin. It is a tight and less elastic type of skin. Normal skin is balanced skin, neither dry nor oily. As the name suggests, combination skin is a mix of dry and oily skin. Sensitive skin is also a mixture of other types. For example, someone’s skin can be oily and sensitive, dry and sensitive. You should try to know your skin type to avoid health related complications and take care of your overall health.
Elaborating on the same, dermatologist Dr Geetika Srivastava, founder of Infuennz Clinic, said, “Normal skin looks ‘NORMAL’. They are the blessed souls who can maintain the ideal pH balance and moisture content of the skin through a healthy skin barrier. They have neither large patches of dry skin nor excessively oily skin. For me, combination skin (i.e. skin with an oily T-zone and a dry C-zone) essentially behaves like normal skin when it comes to skincare products. Oily skin is skin that feels oily all the time. They are acne prone, not that people with dry skin can’t get acne. They also have open pores. However, oily skin ages gracefully with less visible signs of aging and has a natural glow and glow to the face.
She added: “Dry skin, as the name suggests, is dry all around. He usually doesn’t have breakouts, but that’s not absolute. Due to less natural moisturizing factors (NMF), the skin is prone to fine lines and wrinkles. Dry skin is also duller than usual. A sensitive skin type could be the result of poor dry skin care management. I often come across patients with dry skin who scrub their faces with scrubs or use harsh chemicals. This can strip the natural oil from your face and cause sensitivity. Genetically predisposed sensitive skin usually has pro-inflammatory cytokines. This can make the skin reactive to any type of skin care product.
So which skin care products should you use for different skin types? Dr. Geetika Srivastava advised –
• Normal skin/combination skin: Blessed souls. All they have to do is maintain their skin. Do not use very aggressive chemicals. Use facial cleanser, moisturizer, and sunscreen and you’re golden.
• Oily skin: They should use a face wash that contains AHA/BHA for better oil control. It also decreases the number of comedones in the long run. This is particularly useful because oily skin is generally prone to acne. They should also opt for non-comedogenic mattifying moisturizers/gels. Those with open pores can also use pore-refiner creams to camouflage their pores. They should use sunscreen that contains silicone. These sunscreens do not add anything to the already shiny skin of these people. On the active side, salicylic acid and retinol are suitable for this type of skin.
• Dry skin: HYDRATION, HYDRATION AND HYDRATION. Hydration is key here. Any product they should use should have an element of hydration. They should use creamy, moisture-based face washes. They can also opt for cleansers. Toners are a big no because the alcohol content of toners can further dry out the skin. Use tons of moisturizers daily. Moisturizers containing hyaluronic acid are their best friend. They can even opt for vitamin C as it will provide a natural glow that lags behind the dry skin type. Say NO to retinols, AHAs and BHAs.
• Sensitive skin: They should use cleansers rather than facial cleansers, as cleansers seem to be gentler on their skin. Hydration is a must for them too. Can use a green tinted moisturizer as a “cover up” for redness. Say no to toners, salicylic acid, anti-acne preparations, AHAs, BHAs and retinols.
• Acne-prone skin : Skin care is similar to an oily skin type, except it should only use non-comedogenic products. So look for labels like “oil-free,” “acne-free,” “non-greasy,” etc. Vitamin C is relatively contraindicated because it can sometimes cause breakouts on acne-prone skin.
Bringing her expertise to the same, Stuti Kothari, Founder of WishCare, said, “Skincare is one of the most important ways to take care of your skin and pamper it with love and nourishment. However, your skin care regimen is entirely dependent on your skin type. Some products can work wonders for oily skin and may not work for dry or combination skin. The rule of thumb is Cleansing, Toning, Treatment and Hydration (CTTM) followed by the application of sunscreen. CTM evolved into CTTM and treatment with serum according to your skin type is very important. Contrary to popular belief, skincare isn’t just about the daytime routine, the nighttime skincare regimen is an equally important step as the skin finally gets a chance to repair, rejuvenate and repair. all the damage of the day. However, in all scenarios, choosing the right products with clean and safe ingredients is extremely necessary to avoid any long-term damage to the skin. Skin problems such as deep wrinkles, hyperpigmentation, acne scars or other skin problems can be avoided with a consistent daily skin care routine.
She further suggested, “In choosing your skincare essentials, the first step is to assess your skin type and then research the appropriate products. For example, for oily skin, gentle water-based cleansers containing ingredients such as green tea, salicylic acid, alcohol-free and AHA-based toners, niacinamide moisturizers, and sunscreens with gel base help treat acne and balance sebum production in the skin. For dry skin, look for products containing hyaluronic acid and glycerin. These ingredients provide hydration and hydrate the skin, thus combating dryness. Serums with light formulations and with ingredients like turmeric extracts, vitamin C, niacinamide, CICA should be used daily. Anti-aging ingredients like retinol above 1% can be used every two weeks and people with sensitive skin type should prefer skin care products containing aloe vera, CICA extracts or oatmeal to soothe the skin and repair the skin barrier. Choosing the right sunscreen to protect yourself is just as essential, non-comedogenic gel sunscreens are suitable for all skin types.