7 tips to treat skin problems due to diabetes

Diabetes is a disease that also increases the risk of other health problems. In fact, diabetes-related blood sugar imbalances can negatively impact not only other organs in the body, but the skin as well. If you have diabetes, you may be susceptible to dry skin that can crack, itch, and become infected easily.

Besides dry skin, fluctuations in blood sugar can also cause blisters, red or dark patches on the skin, bacterial infections, diabetic dermopathy (a condition characterized by light brown patches), and acanthosis nigricans (a band thickened, velvety skin, especially in the area near the armpits, groin and neck).

Health Shots spoke with Dr. Nivedita Dadu, renowned dermatologist and founder and president of Dadu Medical Center, who shared the best ways or tips to avoid skin problems if you have diabetes.

But let’s first see why diabetes causes skin problems.

You must be very creative. Image Courtesy: Shutterstock

Diabetes and skin problems

Dr Dadu says, “Most people with diabetes or pre-diabetic conditions notice recurring skin problems or have skin disorders at some point in their lives. Diabetes causes high blood sugar, which can lead to poor blood circulation in the body. As a result, blood vessels and nerves do not receive enough blood and nutrients. Consequently, a decrease in blood circulation reduces the skin’s ability to heal and damages the skin’s collagen, thus robbing the skin of its ability to “bounce back”. Because of this, the white blood cells also lose their ability to fight infections, which is one of the causes for the development of diabetic feet.

What types of skin problems do diabetics have?

Damaged skin cells lose their ability to function well and the skin is more sensitive to temperature and pressure. During the initial stage of diabetes, people experience patches of skin. Plaques may form on the neck or armpits. Some people also have pale skin. “Due to poor blood circulation, itching can occur on various parts of the body, especially on the lower legs,” says Dr. Dadu.

diabetic skin problems
Diabetes-related skin problems include dryness and itchiness. Image Courtesy: Shutterstock

Diabetes also makes your skin sensitive, which increases the risk of cuts and bruises. If these injuries are ignored, a more serious infection can develop because diabetes slows the healing process by interfering with the activation of the immune system.

Here are 7 tips for maintaining skin problems if you have diabetes, according to Dr. Dadu:

1. Follow a healthy lifestyle: People with a history of diabetes in their family should also be on the lookout for symptoms of vitiligo and psoriasis. Regular medication, exercise, and a controlled diet to control diabetes can help control most skin problems.

2. Maintain skin hygiene: Keep your skin clean and dry, especially in problem areas such as the armpits, under the breasts, between the toes and around the groin.

3. Don’t take a hot shower: Avoid very hot baths and showers. Bathe twice in hot, humid weather to reduce sweating, thereby reducing the risk of infection.

4. Keep your skin hydrated: Moisturize your skin twice a day. Apply moisturizer all over your body if your skin is dry, as dryness allows allergic reactions to occur.

diabetic skin problems
Use a moisturizer to nourish your skin. Image Courtesy: Shutterstock

5. Take good care of your feet and hands: Diabetics are more likely to have skin and other extremity-related conditions. Check them daily for sores and cuts. Wear wide, flat shoes that fit you well.

6. Treat the wound immediately: Immediately apply antibiotic ointment to cuts and sores.

7. Always wear sunscreen: Wear SPF 40 sunscreen every day. Sunscreen will protect your skin from the harmful effects of the sun and its harmful effects.

Finally, drink plenty of water to stay hydrated and include foods such as cinnamon, jam, aloe vera, berries, tomatoes, amla, curds, lemongrass, etc. in your diet.